Monday, 17 March 2014

Comparison between January 25 and June 30 protest in Egypt

In the following points I summarize the differences between
Jan 25th - 2011: Egypt’s protest against the Mubarak.
Jun 30th - 2013: Egypt’s protest against the Mursi.

  
Topics
               Jan 25 - 2011
Jun 30 - 2013
Against
Against a president who was in power for 30 years, and who was planning for his son to succeed him.

Against a president who was in power for 1 year, and had no plans for any successors. 

President family
The president’s family and sons have control of chunks of Egypt's economy and of the eyes and ears of everybody in Egypt for more than 10 years. There were no attempts from the government to stop this, as a matter of fact they were helping the president in this regard. 

The president’s son qualified for a regular job at Cairo airport, which was considered not fair by the oppositional media, and ended with having a working opportunity as a foreign laborer in an Arab country. 


Media
The media was censored and even the privately owned media had a red line that couldn't be crossed when it came to the president. 

The media enjoyed great freedom, which they used mainly against the president and the government, reaching an extreme point of cursing and calling the president with bad names publically. 

Election and Referendum
Elections and constitutional referendum was faked under supervision by the police, and always result with a percentage of 99% (more or less) in favor of the regime, and with minor participation by the voters.  

New measures to guarantee fair elections and referendum control by Judges. As a result, a great number of people participated and the result was that around 65% agreed to the new constitution. 


President expiration
President can rule for life time. 

President can rule for 2 terms (8 years) maximum.

Foreign affairs
In international affairs, focused mainly to satisfy the western powers, ignored the problems of Palestine and turned his back on Africa. This caused increased hatred against Egypt in Africa and Sudan, which effected and will effect Egypt's interests in Africa (mainly Sudan and Ethiopia) where the Nile waters come from, and which is a good market for the Egyptians products. 

Opened channels of communications with many countries of different backgrounds, so Egypt will not depend only on western power as their Middle East guardians. Started a project to link Egypt and Sudan with a paved road, to make it much easier for Egyptians to communicate with African countries and benefit trade. (Sadly, the project has been frozen after the military coup).

Corruption 
Had a corrupted government for decades. 

Was trying to put an end to the corruption. 


Christians
Christians had no right to build or even renovate any church unless they received permission from the government, which normally did not happen. On the other hand no permission was needed to build a mosque. 

New regulations control the building of mosques and churches with equal rights, giving much more freedom for Christians and equality with Muslims in regards of building and maintaining churches. 

Protesting against the regime
When I decided to protest against Mubarak’s 30 year regime in Jan 2011, I knew that there was a possibility of dying for protesting, or of being taken to jail for the rest of my life and possibly being tortured to death; therefore, I wrote my Will and went out to the streets facing police, tear gas, bullets, machine guns, thugs, secret police encouraging violence, and on top of that facing an ugly public and private pro-establishment media that call me liar, spy, secret agent, thug and much more. I stayed in the street and in the square for 18 days facing all that. 

Those who went out to protest on June 30, 2013 had no fear and had great support by the same media and never experienced any of the danger I experienced for 18 days, even though they stayed for less than 3 days, which was enough to give a reason and excuse for the army to act and take over an elected regime. 

Results
Brought an elected democratic president and government with a strong religious background and a constitution, written by elected members and agreed to by a public referendum which had high participation.
Brought a military coup and military general not elected, and he appointed a president, government and committee to write a constitution, which was agreed to in a public referendum with minimum public participation in the referendum.

Now enjoy this short American cartoon movie about Egypt's political situation. 

No comments:

Post a Comment